Sharp's Appalachian Harvest
Pugwash Music PUGCD 009
Jack Went A-Sailing. William Taylor. Johnson Boys. A Frog He Went A-Courting. The Green Willow Tree. Boney's Defeat. Earl Brand. Sugar Babe. Barbara Allen. Play Party Medley. The Gypsy Davey. The High March/Matches Under the Hill. Edward. The Foolish Boy. The False Knight Upon the Road. Hold On.
The Mary Sands Project, Volume 1
Own label, no number
Awake! Awake! The Silk Merchant's Daughter. Sweet William. The House Carpenter. My Sad Overthrow. The Handkerchief. Lady Marget. The Boatsman and the Chest. Lord Thomas and Fair Ellender. Lady Isabel and the Elf Knight. Jimmy Randal. Your Sins Will Find You Out.
On Sharp's Appalachian Harvest Englishman Brian Peters has teamed up with the American Jeff Davis to give us a selection, a very small selection, of the types of songs and tunes that Sharp collected all those years ago. We all know that Sharp was looking for "English" songs from the Appalachian singers, but, as we also know, he did note a number of American pieces, such as Johnson Boys, Sugar Babe and Hold On, as well, and I am glad to see that some of these pieces are also included on this CD. But, the bulk of the material heard here does come, originally, from the Old World.
The CD kicks off with good versions of two standard British broadsides, Jack Went A-Sailing and William Taylor. There is also a splendid version of another broadside, The Isle of Saint Helena, here titled Boney's Defeat, which Sharp collected from a pair of singer in Kentucky. The song was published on quite a few English broadsides though was hardly collected at all in Britain or Ireland (there are a couple of Irish sets, plus a tune that Vaughan Williams collected from the Sussex singer Henry Burstow, and that's about it!), whereas versions have been found all over America and Canada. This may partly be explained by the fact that the song was included in a number of mid-19th century American Forget-Me-Not Songsters, and also, I suspect, by the fact that many Americans had quite an admiration for Napoleon, who was, after all, fighting Republican America's old enemy, England. The CD notes suggest that The Isle of Saint Helena may have started life in Scotland (it is thought to have been written by one James Watt of Paisley) although, judging by the song's classical allusions, Watt, if indeed he was the author, may have been influenced by Irish songsters.
As I have said before, Cecil Sharp was a bit of a 'twitcher' when it came to Child ballads and there are versions of six of these ballads included here, The Green Willow Tree, Earl Brand, Barbara Allen, The Gypsy Davey, Edward and The False Knight Upon the Road. The Green Willow, a version of The Golden Vanity, was collected from Kentucky singer Polly Patrick when Sharp was suffering badly from ill-health, and I can only think that hearing such splendid ballads must have helped him on the road to a speedy recovery. Earl Brand came from the wonderfully named Philander Fitzgerald, a Civil War veteran, and was one of twelve versions that Sharp found being sung by the mountain singers.
If Cecil Sharp missed an opportunity, then it was by not seeking songs from African-American singers. But, he did note a couple of songs from Aunt Maria Tomes, an 85 year old former slave, including this tune for Barbara Allen. Aunt Maria was living in Nellysford, VA, when Sharp met her. Many years later on a visit to Nellysford I asked about this singer, but could find nobody who remembered her. We may say that versions of The Gypsy Davey have been frequently found in North America, whereas both Edward and The False Knight Upon the Road are rare finds indeed. Sharp found a couple of versions of Edward, the first coming from a gentleman called Trotter Gan, and Sharp was delighted with this find - "Mr Trotter Gan came in and we induced him to sing Derby Ram and Edward, the latter a very good version This heartened us considerably." The other version, the one sung here by Jeff Davis, came from Mrs Jane Gentry, the person who gave more songs to Sharp than any other singer. Mrs Gentry came originally from the Beech Mountain area of Watauga County, NC, and Jeff says that his singing of the ballad is based on the singing style of the Beech Mountain singer Lee Monroe Presnell, because Mrs Gentry "might have sounded like (him)".
The False Knight Upon the Road, sung here by Brian Peters, is as fine a version as could be found and one set to a powerful tune. It came from Mrs Eliza Coates of Flag Pond in Tennessee on 1st September, 1916. Sharp had spent twelve hours song hunting that day - and had trudged over fourteen miles in the process - when he saw an isolated mountain cabin. I wonder if he thought about walking by, but, luckily, he did stop and found Mrs Coates and her ballad.
I mentioned American songs above. One singer, Eliza Pace from Kentucky, gave Sharp the version of Sugar Babe heard here. Sharp liked Mrs Pace - "a great offender in retailing moonshine" - and when Alan Lomax visited her twenty years later she reminisced about "that English feller that come over the mountains years ago". And Sharp also collected a few fiddle and banjo tunes in the mountains. I especially like The High March and Matches (sic) Under the Hill, the former piece from Mitchell Wallin who sometimes acted as Sharp's chauffeur in Madison County, NC. Most versions of Natchez under the Hill, to give it its better-known title, sound rather like the tune Turkey in the Straw, but Mr W Julian's tune heard here is different.
I have known Cecil Sharp's Appalachian collection for some fifty years or so, both in book and manuscript form, and it is a great delight to hear these songs and tunes being performed again. All praise then to Brian and Jeff for putting so much effort into this venture. Let's hope that other similar volumes will follow.
When Cecil Sharp first visited the Appalachians he originally went to Madison County NC, where he found so many splendid singers, including Mary Bullman Sands of Allanstand, who gave him twenty-five "first-rate" songs and ballads. In 2002 I encountered Kris Sands, one of Mary Sands' grandsons, and, together, we wrote an MT article about Mary and her songs.1 Madison County singer and resident Joe Penland read the article and began his own research into Mary Sands. One result of all this was the suggestion that Joe should record all of Mary's songs and now we have The Mary Sands Project, volume 1 of a proposed three volume CD set.
Volume 1 contains eleven old-world songs and ballads, together with a song that Mary Sands wrote, Your Sins Will Find You Out , about the death of one of her sons. One or two of Mary's pieces, such as Awake! Awake! and The House Carpenter are close variants of well-known songs and ballads. Others, though, are quite different. Mary had a long version of The Silkmerchant's Daughter, a song that seems to have once been highly popular with American singers, to whom the term "barbarous Indians" probably had great meaning. Mary's version of The Sheffield Apprentice (My Sad Overthrow) is also rather different, partly because it has become confused with the addition of verses from another song, The Boston Burglar. Interestingly, the song is set to a variant of the well-known Dives and Lazarus/Star of the County Down family of tunes. The final song, as opposed to ballad, is a lively version of The Boatsman and the Chest, just the sort of thing that Harry Cox or Sam Larner would have relished.
Mary Sands had a number of good versions of ballads that had found their way into Professor Child's collection. Sharp noted Mary's version of Earl Brand (Sweet William) on the morning of August 1st, 1916, although, surprisingly, he made no comment about this fine version in his diary. It is carried on quite a sorrowful tune, as is Mary's version of the well-known The Housecarpenter. One ballad that Sharp did comment on was Mary's version of The Suffolk Miracle (The Handkerchief), which Sharp found to be "curious", a strange word for what is actually a very good version of this ballad, and I especially like Joe's use of a couple of bass guitar strings that act as drones throughout the ballad. Fair Margaret and Sweet William (Lady Margaret) is still quite popular among some Appalachian singers, although Mary's tune is very different from the "standard" tune, as sung by, say, Bascomb Lamar Lunsford.2 Lord Thomas and Fair Ellender is another ballad that continues to hold the attention of Appalachian singers, and Joe tells the story well for all of its twenty stanzas. (In fact, it is wrong to single out any one track, because he sings all of them well.) Another ballad that uses a more common Lord Thomas and Fair Ellender tune is Mary Sands' short fragment of Lady Isabel and the Elf Knight, which, in five stanzas, hardly manages to tell the whole story! Finally, there is a good version of Lord Randal (Jimmy Randall) in which the sweetheart turns out to be the poisoner, though quite what line 3 of the final stanza means is rather beyond me:
Mike Yates - 28.6.13
Copies of these two CDs can be bought from the performers. Sharp's Appalachian Harvest from Brian Peters at: firstname.lastname@example.org and The Mary Sands Project, Volume 1 on-line from Joe Penland at: www.joepenlandmusic.com
2. Listen to Evelyn Ramsey's version of Lady Margaret for a more "standard" version of the tune. Musical Traditions double CD set Far in the Mountains volumes 1 & 2 (MTCD501-2).